The Sosna-R's latest short-range air defense system (SHORAD) made in Russia will soon enter mass production, according to General Designer of the vehicle Vladimir Ukleyev. The Sosna-R is based on the MT-LB multi-role armored vehicle hull, as reported by the Army Recognition.
"The latest Sosna-R mobile air defense system has passed a state trial. It was designed to replace the short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system of the Gopher Strela-10 aka SA-13 which is still in the service of the Russian Armed Forces. Industrial manufacturing capability is being prepared for the mass production of the SHORAD system, Sosna, said Ukleyev.
Sosna has a modular architecture, which allows the integration of combat system modules with various types of chassis with a payload capacity of not less than 3,500 kg, or 3.5 tonnes including BTR-82A armored personnel transport vehicles, BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles, and BMP-3 and BMD-4 air crossing vehicles. Sosna-R can be embedded in various automatic command and control systems (C2).
The basic variant of the SORNA-R SHORAD system is based on the chain MT-LB transporter. Sosna has been equipped with digital computing sub-systems and works in automatic and semi-automatic modes.
The sensor suite of systems combines an optoelectronic unit that drastically reduces the Sosna signature on the battlefield. Thus, the new SHORAD system is equipped with the laser rangefinder, laser missile control (LMC), CCTV, and heat-imaging sub-systems with the LMC rangefinder and subsystem mounted on the gyrostabilized platform. The integration of the LMC unit has resulted in an increase in the range of involvement of the Sosna target to 10 km. The system has a reaction time of about 5-6 seconds.
The unmanned combat module from Sosna brought 12 SAMs ready to use Sosna-R in two cells containing six missiles each. The wrapped missile weighs 42 kg and has a length of 2.4 m.
The Sosna-R has a speed of up to 875 m / s and can be used against flying air targets at altitudes of up to 5 km at speeds of 100 m / s such as helicopters, 250 m / s such as cruise missiles and 300 m / s like fixed-wing aircraft.
"The Sosna-R missile can also paralyze unmanned aerial vehicles or UAVs," an industry source told TASS.
It is said that the Sosna surface-to-air missile system does not need a transport-loader vehicle. "It only takes about 10 minutes to refill the 12 missiles from the combat module," the source added.
The Soviet Union's Armed Forces have used the Strela-10 short-range SAM family system since the late 1970s. According to the Military Balance 2018 analysis book published by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) based in London, the Russian Army (SV) still has around 400 units of the Gopher SA-13 Strata-10M3 SHORAD 9K35M3 system.